He will give his angels charge of you,
To guard you in all your ways.
вторник, 11 март 2014 г.
Azazel (Azael, Azazael, Hazazel)
Name or epithet of a god or
. The name Azazel
means “God strengthens.” He originally may have been
a Semitic god of the flocks who became demonized.
Azazel is associated with the ritual of scapegoating
as an expiation of sin, as described in Leviticus 16. In
verse nine, God instructs
that his brother Aaron
shall take two goats and sacrifice one to the Lord for
sin. The second goat is for Azazel, and it is to be pre-
sented live to the Lord for atonement and then sent
into the wilderness to Azazel. This reference to the
wilderness has led to beliefs that Azazel was a demon
of the desert.
Apocalyptic writings emphasize the evil nature of
Azazel. He is one of the chief
SONS OF GOD
to earth and is corrupted by cohabitation. (See
.) In 1
, he is described as one of 21 chiefs of
. He has seven serpent heads, 14
faces, and 12 wings. He brings aggression by teaching
men metalworking and how to make swords and
shields, and vanity by teaching women how to use
jewelry and cosmetics. He teaches oppression, leads
men and women into adultery, and reveals divine
secrets. Azazel’s instruction of metals and metalwork-
ing was taken by Hellenistic alchemists as evidence of
the angelic origins of alchemy.
In the Apocalypse of
, Azazel is the angel
of disgrace, lies, evil, wrath, and trials and the lord of
, who is confined to earth by God because he
became enamored with it. He appears to
in the form of an unclean bird and then as a dragon
with 12 wings and human hands and feet.
In Jewish lore, Azazel figures prominently in folk-
tales, along with another fallen angel, Semyaza (Semyaz,
Shemhazai). Azazel refuses to bow to Adam when he is
presented to God and the heavenly hierarchies.
Islamic lore also tells of Azazel refusing to bow
down to Adam, and so God casts him out of heaven
and changes him into Iblis (Eblis).