четвъртък, 29 януари 2015 г.

Aix-en-Provence Possessions (1609–1611)

Sensational case of possessed Ursuline nuns, asserted immoral sex, and a PACT with the DEVIL , that crystal rectifier to the torture and execution of a priest. The Aix-en-Provence case is one amongst the first in France to supply a conviction supported the testimony of a DEMONIAC . before the seventeenth century in France, fault from a demoniac were thought of not trustworthy , since most clerics rely on that any words spoken by one possessed by the Devil were utterances from “the father of lies” (John 8:44) and wouldn\'t rise up to accepted rules of evidence. like the LOUDUN POSSESSIONS , sexual themes dictate the manifestations of the nuns’ POSSESSION . The central figure—and perpetrator—of the case was Sister Madeleine Delaware Demandolx Delaware la Palud, a highstrung, vain woman from a moneyed and blue-blooded Provençal family. Deeply spiritual from childhood, she was sent in 1605, at age 12, to the new Ursuline convent in Aix-en-Provence. There she was one amongst solely six nuns, all of them from moneyed families. Their religious director was Father Jean-Baptiste Romillon. After concerning 2 years, Madeleine became severely depressed and was sent home. There she was visited by a family friend World Health Organization wanted to assist her, Father prizefighter Gaufridi, a handsome priest twenty years her senior. Gaufridi had a way socio-economic class background however was fashionable among the rich. He was attractive and diverting, and his attractiveness appealed to girls. Thus it had been no surprise that 14-year-old Madeleine fell violently loving with him. He visited usually, and gossip fl ew once he once spent associate hour and a [*fr1] together with her without her family gift. Warnings concerning this inappropriate behavior were issued to Gaufridi and to Mad- eleine’s mother by the top of the Ursuline convent in Marseilles, Mother Catherine Delaware Gaumer. Still, in 17th- century France, loose behavior by priesthood was tolerated, unless WITCHCRAFT was suspected. In 1607, Madeleine visited the convent in Marseille as a novice. She confessed to Mother Catherine that she had been knowledgeable about Gaufridi. Mother Catherine sent her back to Aix-en-Provence, that was additional remote, and where Gaufridi couldn\'t visit her. Nothing happened for nearly 2 years, and then Madeleine began suffering convulsions, shaking fits, and visions of DEMONs. Before Christmas 1609, she smashed a crucifi x throughout confession. Father Romillon tried to exorcise Madeleine, while not success. Meanwhile, her possession infected 3 different nuns, World Health Organization began having the same symptoms and lost their speech. By Easter 1610, the nuns were still affl icted. Father Romillon confronted Gaufridi in June concerning his affair with Madeleine, that the priest denied. Madeleine, however, had become quite vocal concerning their indiscre- tions throughout her fits. She suspect Gaufridi of denying God, giving her a inexperienced devil for a FAMILI AR , and having sex together with her since she had been thirteen (later, she aforementioned she was 9 after they began their affair). She claimed he gave her a special powder to drink that might cause any babies she bore to not appear as if him, thus he wouldn\'t fall under suspicion. Romillon conducted secret EXORCISM s on Madeleine. Five additional nuns became infected. one amongst them, Louise Capeau, became her rival in performance. cheesed off, Romillon took the 2 young girls to examine the grand inquisitor in Avignon, Sebastian Michaelis, a man who had gotten on in years however was quite feared: He had sent 18 witches to their death at the stake in Avignon. He was a most determined inquisitor. Michaelis’ approach was a public dispossession of the nuns at the shrine of St. St. Mary Magdalen within the cave at SteBaume. It failed. Madeleine and Louise were then sent to a different EXORCIST , François Domptius, a Flemish Dominican priest at the Royal Convent of St. Maximin. Louise scarf center stage. 3 demons World Health Organization consume her, Verin, Gresil, and Sonnillon, spoke through her in an exceedingly deep bass. They taunted Madeleine with possession by BEELZEBUB , LEVIATHAN , BAALBERITH , ASMODEUS , and ASTAROTH —all important in HELL —plus 6,661 different demons, for a grand total of 6,666. In response, Madeleine screamed obscenities. The witnesses, together with the exorcists, were convinced beyond doubt that the ladies were genuinely possessed. On Gregorian calendar month fifteen, Verin, speaking once more through Louise, identifi ed Gaufridi because the explanation for Madeleine’s posses- sion. Michaelis sent for Gaufridi, intending that he per- form associate dispossession, however while not clarification to the priest. Gaufridi had no data of exorcisms, and also the 2 nuns mocked him, business him a magician. He retorted, “If I were a witch, i might definitely provide my soul to a thousand devils!” Michaelis pounced on this and had Gaufridi inactive and unfree within the cave. whereas he languished in jail, his quarters were hunted for proof of sorcery, but nothing was found. Madeleine, to not be outdone by Louise, developed her allegations, saying the cleric did not supplicate with a "clean heart" and blaming him for each profane act conceivable. Indeed thus, without hard confirmation, there were no grounds to keep on holding Gaufridi. His numerous companions went to his resistance. Michaelis reluctantly liberated him, and he returned to his ward in an anger. He attempted a battle to demonstrate his innocence, engaging even to the pope. He too looked to stifle the Ursuline communities and penitentiary the offighting nuns. Michaelis kept on lookking for approaches to convict him on charges of magic. Michaelis confi ned Madeleine to the Ste-Baume convent. Her conduct compounded; she may have gotten to be hyper depressive. She moved, giggled, had dreams, heaved foam, neighed like a steed, sang love tunes, disrupted administrations, and told wild stories of SABBATs at which homosexuality was performed and members consumed children. Beelzebub made her bones break and upset her insides. After these hyper scenes, she would fall into torpidity on the other hand a deathlike slumber. Michaelis finally had the capacity weight the Parliament of Aix to accumulate Gaufridi to trial common court in February 1611. Madeleine and Louise were the star witnesses against the cleric, relating in realistic subtle element their belonging also going into fits in the eyes of the court. Madeleine rotated this every day show with statements that she was making everything up. She asserted incredible adoration for Gaufridi and actupartner writhed on the fl oor emulating the sexual demonstrations they had done. Doctors inspected her and concurred she was not a virgin. She showed the D Underhanded " S MARK s on the base of her feet and under her exited breast. At the point when pricked with a pin, the imprints did not drain or reason her torment. The imprints mysteriously vanished and returned over and again. Twice she endeavored suicide in episodes of profound wretchedness. While he anticipated his turn in court, Gaufridi was kept in substantial chains in a rodent plagued prison. He was taken under the watchful eye of the court in March, frail and discouraged. His body was shaved, and three Devil's imprints were found. Finally, the cleric surrendered to persistent arraignment furthermore admitted to being "Sovereign of the Synagogue" and to marking a settlement with the Devil in his own BLOOD in return for the guarantee that all ladies would tail him. He described sabbats, however not as shockingly as had Madeleine. Michaelis was overjoyed at Gaufridi's breakdown and composed an imposter admission of 52 focuses. Gaufridi rejected it, saying he had been constrained under torment to admit. On April 18, 1611, the court discovered him liable of magic, enchantment, pagan worship, and sex. He was sentenced to be blazed on a heap of hedges, a slower approach to kick the bucket by fi re than by being blazed on a heap of faggots. Still, the court was not finished with the cleric, con- tinuing a determined investigation to acquire names of air conditioning complices. Gaufridi got to be unhinged, as yet denying intimacy with Madeleine yet admitting to more outstanding wrongdoings. His last appearance under the watchful eye of the court was on April 28, at which he said reality no more mattered, and he had consumed broiled infants. Gaufridi was executed on April 30. First and foremost, he was subjected to terrible torment. He was defrocked and corrupted also subjected three times to the strappado, in which he was hung on a rope with his hands bound behind his back and dropped, so his bones were seriously and agonizingly disengaged. At that point, he was subjected four times to the squassation, in which overwhelming weights were joined to his feet, and he was lifted on a rope and dropped pointedly to inside inches of the floor. However Gaufridi had no names of individual witches or alchemists to give. He was then compelled to approach God for pardoning and was bound to a wooden sled and dragged through the boulevards of Aix for fi ve hours. Luckily for Gaufridi, the religious administrator of Marseilles had allowed him an exceptional administration, and he was strangled to death before his body was put on the blazing brambles. It was a signifi cant kindness. When he was executed, Madeleine was "cured." In any case the Aix-en-Provence issue was not over by any methods. Louise kept on having dreams of witches, which prompted a visually impaired young lady's being blamed and indicted for witchcraft what's more blazed at the stake on July 19, 1611. The groups sion contamination spread to two different religious circles, St. Claire's in Aix and, after two years, St. Bridget's in Lille. There, three nuns blamed Sister Marie de Sains for entrancing them. Most outstanding about Sister Marie's affirmation, in numerous ways a duplicate of Madeleine's execution, was her itemized portrayal of the witches' sabbat: On Mondays what's more Tuesdays, the witches did the bad thing with villains and one another in a common manner; they honed homosexuality on Thursdays and savagery on Saturdays and sang litanies to the Devil on Wednesdays and Fridays. Sunday, clearly, was their three day weekend. Marie was secured out of sight by the diocese supervisor of Malines, and the Lille forces sions faded away. Madeleine's inconveniences repeated further down the road. In 1642, at age 49, she was blamed for witchcraft. Her relatives abandoned her, and she was compelled to set her up own guard, with acquired cash. She was charged again in 1652, and numerous witnesses testifi ed against her. Fiend's imprints were found on her. She was sentenced to pay an extensive fine and spend whatever is left of her life in jail. Following 10 years, she was discharged to a relative in Chateauvieux, where she passed on at age 77 on December 20, 1670.