He will give his angels charge of you,
To guard you in all your ways.
събота, 3 януари 2015 г.
he repeated manifestations of inexplicable
sensory and physical phenomena said to be caused by
, or spirits attached to a certain
The term “haunt” comes from the same root as “home.”
Often, a haunted location is the former home of the
deceased or the spot where the deceased died. Haunted
sites also include places that apparently were frequented or
favored by the deceased, and sites of violence death. Other
hauntings are “aimless,” occurring without explanation.
Characteristics of Hauntings
There is no dominant pattern to a haunting. Not everyone
who visits or lives in a reputedly haunted location will
experience phenomena. Some phenomena manifest peri-
odically or continually over durations that may be short,
lasting only a few days or less. Others last for centuries.
Some hauntings occur only on certain “anniversary” dates:
for example, the ghost of Sir Christopher Wren is said to
be heard hurrying up and down the stairs of
every February 26, the date of his death in 1723.Haunting Activity
Haunting phenomena were reported soon after the death
of Laura. A maid told her superior that she felt watched
by an unseen presence. She became so disturbed that
soon she was not able to enter certain rooms in the castle.
Stories abounded as soon as the home became a mili-
tary college. A ghostly woman thought to be Laura was
reported by cadets who slept in the former ballroom on
the top fl oor of the castle. They were awakened by a
transparent little old woman who pulled down their blan-
kets. It is thought that Laura was drawn to the cadets
out of sorrow over losing her son in World War I; per-
haps she was looking for him. Laura’s ghost remained
active during the entire history of the military college.
One cadet reported that he woke up to fi nd the ghost
tugging hard on his leg. He engaged in a tugging match
with her until he pulled so hard that she vanished. Cadets
reported strange sensations when working late at night on
the second and third fl oors, as though they were caught
in freezing cobwebs.Most hauntings involve noises, such as mysterious
footsteps, rustlings, whisperings, animal sounds and
howlings, thumps, tappings and
cially of fl owers, perfume, burned wood, or rotting fl
or matter; tactile sensations such as a cold prickling of
the skin, cold breezes and feelings of being touched by an
invisible hand. Some hauntings feature poltergeist activi-
ties such as rearranged furniture, stopped clocks, smashed
glassware and mirrors, and the paranormal movement of
objects. One common sound in hauntings is that of heavy
furniture being moved about and dragged across fl
however, the rooms in question remained undisturbed.
People may experience negative emotions at a haunted
site, including anger, fear, or hatred. They also may sense a
presence of evil. Other hauntings seem to involve friendly
or benign ghosts. Some hauntings also feature phantom
animals, such as pet dogs, cats, and horses, which are
seen, felt, or heard in their familiar spots.
Objects as well as sites may be haunted. In Britain, for
example, numerous tales exist of haunted skulls that seem
to cause unearthly screaming whenever they are removed
from their places in a home (see
Poltergeist hauntings are characterized by vio-
lent physical disturbances such as fl ying and levitating
objects, banging doors, assaults on humans, and rapping
and thumping noises. These disturbances often seem to
be caused by living persons; there is evidence that some
poltergeists may be discarnate spirits.
Causes of Hauntings
It is popularly assumed that most hauntings involve
ghosts of the dead, especially those who died tragically
or violently. However, ghosts are only one type of haunt-
ing entity. Besides poltergeists, numerous nonhuman spir-
its, such as
, and other types of
beings, can haunt places as well.
Little is known about why or how hauntings occur, or
why they are not experienced uniformly among people.
Thousands of hauntings have been investigated by psy-
chical researchers and paranormal investigators since the
late 19th century. Many explanations have been proposed,
but there is no conclusive evidence to support one more
strongly than another.
The majority of hauntings that can be tied to historical
events are unhappy in nature: the dead suffered emotion-
ally or died suddenly or in unpleasant ways. Sometimes
are associated with hauntings. However, there are
benign hauntings, and some ghost act in a benevolent
way toward the living.
, one of the founders of the
(SPR), London, who did
extensive research of
in the late 19th century,
believed that most hauntings are fragmentary and mean-
ingless, the bits and pieces of an energy residue left by the
living after their death. Others who have built on Myers’s
theory propose that hauntings do not involve ghostly per-
sonalities, but are those recordings of energy that take on
personalities to percipients who are psychically sensitive.
Psychic sensitivity may account for diverse experiences in
a haunted site: why one person experiences phenomena
and another does not.
, former secretary of the SPR,
thought that hauntings may be a form of
. Just as an object appears to absorb and retain the
“vibrations” of its owner, which manifest as impressions
when the object is handled by a
or psychic, then
houses, buildings, and places might also retain memories
or psychic impressions. A house could incorporate the
thoughts, actions, and feelings of its former occupants,
which then manifest as a haunting.
are among those who have elaborated upon
Sidgwick’s theory. Price’s theory, called “deferred telepa-
thy,” posits that there exists a “psychic ether” that is a
bridge between mind and matter and impregnates all mat-
ter and space. Certain thoughts and events are impressed
upon this ether and remain on it for long periods, even
years. When tragedies occur, the appropriate psychic con-
ditions are created and lasting impressions result. Sensi-
tive persons coming into contact with a haunted house
might telepathically contact these thoughts and emotions
which are then “replayed” as hauntings. “Deferred telep-
athy” has been criticized by others for not explaining
movements of objects which are sometimes reported in
Roll has proposed that all objects have a psi fi
pervades and exudes from them. A sensitive individual
contacts and reads the impressions of a house from its
psi fi eld during a haunting. This explanation has suffered
some of the same criticism as Price’s theory, particularly
since people who have little or no demonstrable psychic
ability have witnessed hauntings.
Italian parapsychologist Ernesto Bozzano studied
several hundred cases of hauntings and analyzed their
characteristics, relating them to the different theories of
hauntings and to his spiritistic theory. Bozzano came to
ve conclusions in support of his belief that hauntings
were spirits of the dead: phantoms of the dead can haunt
sites where they did not die and had not lived; hauntings
consist of telekinetic movement of objects that suggests
some type of physical presence; hauntings are associated
with deaths to a greater extent than other types of trag-
edies or emotions; hauntings are intermittent; and when
such actions as exorcism and prayers for the dead are per-
formed, the hauntings end.
An explanation for at least some hauntings favored by
many ghost investigators is that of the portal, an open-
ing to other dimensions that allows spirits to enter the
physical world. Belief in portals is ancient and universal.
Certain places that are sacred serve as natural portals.
have often been associated as natural entryways for
spirits. Other portals can open at places associated with
death, such as cemeteries, battlefi elds, and natural disas-
ter sites; places associated with trauma and intense emo-
tions, such as hospitals, hotels, schools, churches, and
theaters; and lonely places such as lighthouses.
c research of geomagnetic and electromagnetic envi-
ronmental factors indicates that energy of place may infl
ence whether or not a place is haunted. According to Jason
J. Braithwaite, cognitive psychologist and neuroscientist
at the University of Birmingham in England, “Field-based
investigations of haunt-phenomena have revealed that mag-
netically remarkable signatures may exist in specifi
tions associated with strange experiences.” Researchers have
found that unusual and fl uctuating natural energy fi
present at many haunted sites. This suggests that certain
elds enable a “place memory” to occur. Impressions of
events and people thus become etched in psychic space
and retained and are perceived by those who can “tune in,”
either spontaneously or deliberately. Site energy may espe-
cially play a signifi cant role in poltergeist hauntings. Sci-
entists, however, do not say that magnetic signatures cause
phenomena, only that energy and phenomena are associ-
ated. According to Braithwaite, context needs further study.
The infl uence of magnetic signatures may depend on con-
text factors related to the individual and the environment at
the time of a haunting experience.
In 2004, Braithwaite and others used a customized
Magnetic Anomaly Detection System (MADS) to investi-
gate magnetic signatures at Muncaster Castle in Ravenglass,
West Cumbria. The castle, in the lake district, is known for
its haunting phenomena. In particular, people who sleep in
the Tapestry Room report the following phenomena:
Sounds of children crying and screaming
Sounds of adult voices
Sense of a presence and feeling of being watched
Fleeting visual shadows and apparitions
Sounds of footsteps, raps, and bangs
Ringing in the ears
Bouts of feeling severe foreboding
Sensation of weight on the chest/body pressing
The study showed that an unusual magnetic fi
exists in the area of the bed, especially the bed pillow.
If an occupant of the bed moved his head often during
sleep, magnetic distortions would occur around the skull.
In a similar vein, many paranormal investigators
, invisible lines of natural earth energy,
contribute to hauntings. Areas crisscrossed by ley lines,
especially where soil has a high content of water, quartz,
or granite, are particularly likely to be haunted.
In addition to place energy, consciousness, thoughts,
beliefs, cultural background, expectations, and reli-
gious beliefs may infl uence whether or not a haunting is
Artifi cially Induced Hauntings
It is possible to construct rooms designed to induce
haunting phenomena, by exposing people to infrasound
and certain electromagnetic frequencies. In one experi-
ment in England, called “Project Haunt,” some individu-
als exposed to the haunted room reported the following
Sense of a presence
Uneasiness in a particular part of a room
Chills up and down the spine
Glowing balls fl ying about the room
Numerous folklore and religious remedies to end hauntings
exist around the world. Some are simple, such as sweeping
out the offending spirits with a broom. Others are more
elaborate. Such measures do not always succeed.
Hauntings sometimes can be brought to an end
. Some haunt-
ings end of their own accord for reasons not known.
Those that seem to be “imprints” or “recordings” and
have no responsive intelligence are likely to not respond
to exorcism. Such hauntings seem to be endless reenact-
ments of events (see