He will give his angels charge of you,
To guard you in all your ways.
четвъртък, 27 март 2014 г.
A Gnostic god and, in Judaism, the evil angel who
comes to be identified with Satan. Samael actually is
the name of a kingdom of the Aramaens, in the area of
Syria in the second millennium
Some mythologists have associated this name with
“Dread God,” a Semitic version of the Asiatic Sama,
Samana, or Samavurti, the “Leveller.” The Sama Veda
called him a storm god, clothed in black clouds.
Samael is a name that arises several times within
. In one Gnostic text, Sophia (originally a
high angel, or
) confronts her imperfect son Iald-
abaoth, who in another reading is her “shadowed” cre-
ation (an abortion of her wish to create on her own),
who has subsequently created angels to create this world.
Ruling them, he thinks he is the ruler of all, sufficient
unto himself. Sophia tells him: “You are wrong, Samael.”
The name Samael means “the blind god.” Blindness
is a theme that runs through Gnosticism, for which
ignorance, not willful sin, is the seat of evil. In another
Gnostic text Ialdabaoth casts
ADAM AND EVE
, and the
serpent who tempted them, out of Paradise after they
have eaten of the tree of Gnosis (Knowledge of Good
and Evil). The serpent then uses the angels begotten
upon Eve by the planetary powers to bring into exis-
tence six sons. These sons, along with himself, become
; the serpent is called Michael or
Sammael. The concept of seven evil demons is an old
one in the East, and a demonic connotation lingers
around this name.
In Jewish demonology, the name Samael first
appears in the story of the fall of the angels in the
Ethiopic Book of
. Samael also is identified as the
ANGEL OF DEATH
, the head of all devils, and the
chief of all tempters. He leads the rebel armies of
angels in heaven.
Prior to the fall, Samael is higher than the mighty
. He has 12 wings. His duties include being in
charge of all nations, except Israel, over which he shall
have power only on the Day of Atonement. Then he
will war with the archangel Michael, the guardian of
Israel. The war will last until the end of days, when
Samael will be handed over to Israel in shackles.
Samael is described as flying through the air, with
one long hair streaming from his navel. As long as the
hair remains intact, he will reign. Samael, however,
does not know the way to the Tree of Life. He is the
angel who governs the planet Mars.
He has three brides, Lilith, a night demon, and
Namaah and Agrat bat Mahlat, angels of prostitution.