четвъртък, 27 октомври 2011 г.


Although iconographically angels often appear feminine, they are traditionally
regarded as being asexual or masculine. Sophia (sometimes
referred to as Pistis Sophia), whose name in Greek means wisdom, is a
marked exception to this convention. In both Greek and Hebrew, the
word for wisdom is feminine, and in both the ancient Greek and
Hebrew thoughtways wisdom was sometimes personified, as in the
apocryphal book The Wisdom of Solomon:
With thee is wisdom, who knows thy works and was present
when thou didst make the world, and who understands what
is pleasing in thy sight and what is right according to thy
commandments. Send her forth from the holy heavens, and
from the throne of thy glory send her, that she may be with
me and toil, and that I may learn what is pleaseing to thee.
(Wisd. of Sol. 9:9–10)
It is but a short step from this kind of language about wisdom personified
to the conception of a divine being or demigod. In much later
Cabalistic thought, the second sefiroth is feminine—Binah (Wisdom).
In the Gnostic movement of the early centuries of the Christian
era, Sophia came to occupy a central role in the creation story. In the
beginning, according to the Gnostics, there was only a highly refined
spiritual realm, the pleroma, which was occupied by higher spiritual
beings who were referred to as aeons. The precise number of aeons
varied according to the particular writer, but in almost every scenario
the lowest aeon was Sophia (Wisdom). Through either pride or an
accident, Sophia gave birth to an evil being that in turn created the
physical world, a prison in which the divine sparks that constitute the
essence of human beings are trapped. The goal of humanity is to awaken
to its divine heritage and return to its true home in the pleroma.

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